Scope and Sequence:



PHY/CHEM (Grade 9)

Links: NHPS Science Overview

Gr 9 Curriculum Overview , CAPT Science Overview





Quarter Three

Quarter Four


Unit Titles


Learning Outcomes










D INQ.1      Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigation.

D INQ.2      Read, interpret and examine the credibility and validity of scientific claims in different sources of information.

D INQ.3      Formulate a testable hypothesis and demonstrate logical connections between the scientific concepts guiding the hypothesis and the design of the experiment.

D INQ.4      Design and conduct appropriate types of scientific investigations to answer different questions.

D INQ.5      Identify independent and dependent variables, including those that are kept constant and those used as controls.

D INQ.6      Use appropriate tools and techniques to make observations and gather data.

D INQ.7      Assess the reliability of the data that was generated in the investigation.

D INQ.8      Use mathematical operations to analyze and interpret data, and present relationships between variables in appropriate forms.

D INQ.9      Articulate conclusions and explanations based on research data, and assess results based on the design of the investigation.

D INQ.10   Communicate about science in different formats, using relevant science vocabulary, supporting evidence and clear logic.

D1 - Describe the effects of adding energy to matter in terms of the motion of atoms and molecules, and the resulting phase changes.


D2 - Explain how energy is transferred by conduction, convection and radiation.







D10 - Describe the general structure of the atom, and explain how the properties of the first 20 elements in the Periodic Table are related to their atomic structures.


D11 - Describe how atoms combine to form new substances by transferring electrons (ionic bonding) or sharing electrons (covalent bonding).

D17 - Explain how the chemical structure of polymers affects their physical properties.


D13 - Explain how the structure of the carbon atom affects the type of bonds it forms in organic and inorganic molecules.


D14 - Describe combustion reactions of hydrocarbons and their resulting by-products.


D15 - Explain the general formation and structure of carbon-based polymers, including synthetic polymers, such as polyethylene, and biopolymers, such as carbohydrate.


D16 - Explain how simple chemical monomers can be combined to create linear, branched and/or cross-linked polymers.

D19 - Explain how chemical and physical processes cause carbon to cycle through the major earth reservoirs.


D20 - Explain how solar energy causes water to cycle through the major earth reservoirs.


D24 - Explain how the accumulation of mercury, phosphates and nitrates affects the quality of water and the organisms that live in rivers, lakes and oceans.

D12 - Explain the chemical composition of acids and bases, and explain the change of pH in neutralization reactions.


D18 - Explain the short- and long-term impacts of landfills and incineration of waste materials on the quality of the environment.


D25 - Explain how land development, transportation options and consumption of resources may affect the environment.


D26 - Describe human efforts to reduce the consumption of raw materials and improve air and water quality.

D3 - Describe energy transformations among heat, light, electricity and motion.


D4 - Explain the relationship among voltage, current and resistance in a simple series circuit.


D5 - Explain how electricity is used to produce heat and light in incandescent bulbs and heating elements.


D6 - Describe the relationship between current and magnetism.

D8 - Describe the availability, current uses and environmental issues related to the use of fossil and nuclear fuels to produce electricity.


D22 - Explain how the release of sulfur dioxide (SO2) into the atmosphere can form acid rain, and how acid rain affects water sources, organisms and human-made structures.


D23 - Explain how the accumulation of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere increases Earth’s “greenhouse” effect and may cause climate changes.


D9 - Describe the availability, current uses and environmental issues related to the use of hydrogen fuel cells, wind and solar energy to produce electricity.

Significant Task


Phase Change Lab

Ice Cold Lab

* CT Embedded Tasks: Polymers Lab, STS Polymer Web

Carbon Trip Through The Cycle,

* CT Embedded Tasks, Acid Rain Lab, STS Brownfield Sites

  CT Embedded Task Solar Cooker Lab

CT Embedded Task STS Energy Graph, Energy Sources/Global Warming Debate


Supporting Materials

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials, Teaching Plastics, CRISPY Programs

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials

Textbooks, Labs, NHPS Web Materials