PLANT GROWTH and DEVELOPMENT
(based on STC Kit)
Plants are organisms that can reproduce and survive if they live in environments that meet their basic needs. Plants need to find ways to obtain water, air, nutrients and protection in the areas in which they live. Some plants live on land and others live in water. Sometimes, plants can adapt to their environments in order to find survival. Understanding how plants survive can help us gain a greater understanding of living things.
SCIENCE STANDARDS AND INDICATORS
Content Standard 2.2: Plants change their forms as part of their life cycles.
A19 Describe the life cycles of flowering plants as they grow from seeds, proceed through maturation and produce new seeds.
A20 Explore and describe the effects of light and water on seed germination and plant growth.
Content Standard 3.2: Organisms can survive and reproduce only in environments that meet their basic needs.
B3: Describe how different plants and animals are adapted to obtain air, water, food and protection in specific land habitats.
B4: Describe how different plants and animals are adapted to obtain water, food and protection in water habitats.
SCIENCE INQUIRY: Scientific inquiry is a thoughtful and coordinated attempt to search out describe, explain and predict natural phenomena.
SCIENCE LITERACY: Science literacy includes speaking listening, presenting, interpreting, reading and writing about science.
SCIENCE NUMERACY: Mathematics provides useful tool for the description, analysis and presentation of scientific data and ideas.
BINQ.1 Make observations and ask questions about objects, organisms and the environment.
BINQ.4 Employ simple equipment and measuring tools to gather data and extend the senses.
BINQ.6 Analyze, critique and communicate investigations using words, graphs and drawings.
BINQ.9 Use mathematics to analyze, interpret and present data.
BIG IDEA Plants survive and thrive in environments in which their basic needs are met.
Key Vocabulary: environment, spines, thorns, toxins, needle, adaptations, stems, leaves, roots, pollination, fertilize, pollen
LINKS TO OTHER STANDARDS
4.1.a Design surveys for the collection of data and justify conclusions drawn from the data.
4.2.a Analyze data to identify a typical element or event.
4.3.a Use samples and simulations to determine probability, and to make and test predictions.
· Planting and caring for Brassica rapa.
· Observing, describing and recording changes in plants.
· Comparing and discussing changes occurring in plants over time.
· Measuring and recording the growth of plants.
· Using graphs to display and compare growth patterns.
· Predicting future growth from observations and measurements.
· Reading to learn more about plants.
· Communicating results and reflecting on experiences through writing, drawing and discussion.
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS TO GUIDE INSTRUCTION AND ASSESSMENT:
MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES
OBJECTIVES AND GOALS (as summarized from STC Kit, “Plant Growth and Development”)
What Do You Know About Plants?
What is Inside a Seed?
Planting the Seeds
Thinning and Transplanting
How Does Your Plant Grow?
Observing: Leaves and Flower Buds
Observing the growth spurt
Why are bees important?
Getting a Handle on Your Bee
Looking at Flowers
Making a Brassica Model
Making a Bee Model
Harvesting and Threshing the Seeds
· Students harvest and thresh the seeds
· Students count the seeds and compare that number with the original number of seeds planted (8) to determine their profit or loss.
Students think about
additional questions they have about plants and experiments that might help
The Most Beautiful Roof in the World by K. Lasky
Gardening with Kids by Sharon MacLatchie
Susannah's Garden by Debbie Macomber
Strawberry Girl by Lois Lenski
Garden by Robert Maass
One Bean by Anne Rockwell
A Log’s Life by Wendy Pfeffer
Over Under in the Garden: An Alphabet Book by Pat Schories
Have You Seen Trees? by Joanne Oppenheim
Watch them Grow by Linda Martin
· Developing a class garden
· Creating a school compost bin
· Edgerton Park Greenhouse
· Local Nursery
· Outside the school area to plant seeds
Links to United Streaming
How Plants Grow (19:00)
Importance of Plants, The (13:00)
Plant Parts and Their Uses (12:00)
Plants: A First Look (17:00)
How Plants Grow (19:00)
Plant Habitats Around the World (22:00)
Plant Lifecycles (20:00)
I SPY the Clouds Roll By (12:33)
Let's Explore: In The Woods (19:00)
Desert Habitats (21:00)